15 reasons to visit Matera

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  • December 2, 2015

Matera is a place that’s been brewing in my consciousness and on my ‘travel to’ list for a few years now. It sounded very mysterious to me – a town in southern Italy that was inhabited for thousands of years in dreadful conditions, forgotten about by the rest of Italy, abandoned, recently rediscovered, and now reasonably famous.

Visiting there is a really unusual experience, and one you’re unlikely to get anywhere else. I loved it and hope that after reading this you’ll put it on your ‘travel to’ list as well.


So here are my 15 reasons to visit Matera.

1) It’s one of the oldest towns in the world, having been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic age. That’s roughly 7,000 years folks. From the perspective of an Australian, that’s mind blowing. Towns here have been inhabited for less than 300 years.

2) Almost the entire town is made up of caves, or sassi as they’re called here. Early inhabitants carved out the rock to make shelters, and over the years more caves were carved, and added to, until a whole cave town emerged.

Matera caves

3) See how people lived – visit a cave house. One of my favourite places in Matera is the Cave Dwelling of vico Solitario, a house carved/built in the beginning of the 18th century and abandoned in 1956. It’s furnished as it would have been in the 1950s, and it’s both fascinating and depressing to see how primitive the living conditions were.

Matera cave house

All the family’s animals lived inside the cave with them at night

Matera cave house

Only one bed for a large family. Smaller children slept in drawers!

Imagine living like this your whole life then finding out the rest of the western world had electricity, running water, washing machines and even TVs all this time! Pissed off wouldn’t even begin to describe it!

4) Sleep in a cave! Many sassi have been restored and converted into B&B’s and hotels. Luckily things are a little more luxurious than they were for inhabitants in the 1950s!

Matera sassi

5) Visit a cave church with beautiful 14th century frescoes. S. Lucia alle Malve and Santa Maria de Idris are my favourites, but there are many others.

Matera cave church

6) Explore the abandoned part of the city. In the 1950s Matera was a town forgotten by the Italian government. Eventually it was coerced into doing something about the people who lived here in appalling conditions, and built a new town nearby before moving the whole town out of their prehistoric cave dwellings. The government compulsorily acquired the caves, and still owns most of them. While many have been turned into shops, restaurants and accommodation, many still lie abandoned. While on a walking tour of the city our guide told us how as a teenager he and his friends moved an old couch into one of them and used it as their ‘party house’.

Matera sassi

7) Walk inside an underground water cistern. Palombaro Lungo in Piazza Vittorio is the biggest one and the most atmospheric. Amazingly this cistern was rediscovered only recently when the piazza above was being restored. I found it hard to believe that knowledge like this could be lost within a generation, but there you have it.

8) Step on empty tombs. So this might not be on everyone’s to-do list, but there are several places where you can see (and walk over) ancient tombs carved into the rock.

Matera tomb

9) Since the ‘50s, Matera has been a natural film set. The most famous being Mel Gibson’s “The Passion of the Christ”. If you look at the landscape from certain angles you really feel like you’ve been transported back in time thousands of years. A good place to get this view is from the belvedere (lookout) across the gorge, although you’ll need a car to get there.


And if you’d like to know more about the films that have been made here, check out the cinema museum (in a bar), which shows behind the scenes clips. Make sure you chat to the owner, who did the catering from Mel’s film, and has some interesting stories to share.

10) See some cool sculptures. Parco Scultura sits in an old stone quarry just outside Matera town

Matera sculpture park

11) There’s a castle

Matera castle

12) Matera is home to some great restaurants, bars and gelato – always important! I loved:

I vizi degli angeli gelataria for amazing gelato flavours such as pineapple and ginger

Area 8 for groovy retro vibes and great cocktails – the best bar I’ve been to in all of Italy!

Matera Area 8 bar

Soul Kitchen for fabulous local food and service

13) It’s a UNESCO World Heritage site (listed in 1993)

14) It’s beautiful. It’s a great place to just wander around on foot and take in the ambiance. Being such an old town, there aren’t many roads so it’s lovely and peaceful.

Matera house sassi

Matera sassi

Matera sassi

15) And finally, it’s going to be the European Capitol of Culture in 2019, so get yourself over there before the rest of the world discovers it!

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Until next time, safe travels,

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  • Cristina says:

    Matera is an incredible place-I’d even say there is something mystical about it. I finally got to go in August after several years of meaning to go. it isn’t an easy place to get to, and I was only there for a daytrip, but I plan to go again and stay at least 3 days and also visit Metaponto and Maratea. So much to explore. I really love the way you organized this post! I wrote a post for my blog in October (while I was in Australia!) and found it difficult not to write a mini-novel! I kept it to mainly the historical stuff with photos and plan to write at least another post at some point about ‘exploring Matera’. So much info, so little time! Ciao, Cristina

    • Robyn Hayes says:

      Thanks Cristina! Yes I agree that Matera warrants at least a couple of days. I loved Metaponto too, although that was just a quick photo stop for us as the Museum was closed when we went.

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